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Hyperparameter Optimization

Pro Plan Offering

The ClearML HPO App is available under the ClearML Pro plan

The Hyperparameter Optimization Application finds the set of parameter values that optimize a specific metric for your model.

It takes in an existing ClearML experiment and its parameters to optimize. The parameter search space can be specified by specific (discrete) values and/or value ranges (uniform parameters).

The optimization app launches multiple copies of the original experiment, each time sampling different parameter sets, applying a user-selected optimization strategy (random search, Bayesian, etc.).

Control the optimization process with the advanced configuration options, which include time, iteration, and experiment limits.

HPO Instance Configuration#

  • Import Configuration - Import an app instance configuration file. This will fill the configuration wizard with the values from the file, which can be modified before launching the app instance
  • Initial Task to Optimize - ID of an existing ClearML task to optimize. This task will be cloned, and each clone will sample a different set of hyperparameters values
  • Optimization Configuration
    • Optimization Method - The optimization strategy to employ (e.g. random, grid, hyperband)
    • Optimization Objective Metric’s Title - Title of metric to optimize
    • Optimization Objective Metric’s Series - Metric series (variant) to optimize
    • Optimization Objective Trend - Choose the optimization target, whether to maximize or minimize the value of the metric specified above
  • Execution Queue - The ClearML Queue to which optimization tasks will be enqueued (make sure an agent is assigned to that queue)
  • Parameters to Optimize - Parameters comprising the optimization space
    • Type
      • Uniform Parameters - A value range to sample
        • Minimum Value
        • Maximum Value
        • Step Size - Step size between samples
      • Discrete Parameters - A set of values to sample
        • Values - Comma separated list of values to sample
    • Name - The original task’s configuration parameter name (including section name e.g. Args/lr)
  • Optimization Job Title (Optional) - Name for the HPO instance. This will appear in the instance list
  • Optimization Experiments Destination Project (Optional) - The project where optimization tasks will be saved. Leave empty to use the same project as the Initial task.
  • Maximum Concurrent Tasks - The maximum number of simultaneously running optimization experiments
  • Advanced Configuration (Optional)
    • Limit Total HPO Experiments - Maximum total number of optimization experiments
    • Number of Top Experiments to Save - Number of best performing experiments to save (the rest are archived)
    • Limit Single Experiment Running Time (Minutes) - Time limit per optimization experiment. Experiments will be stopped after the specified time elapsed
    • Minimal Number of Iterations Per Single Experiment - Some search methods, such as Optuna, prune underperforming experiments. This is the minimum number of iterations per experiment before it can be stopped. Iterations are based on the experiments' own reporting (for example, if experiments report every epoch, then iterations=epochs)
    • Maximum Number of Iterations Per Single Experiment - Maximum iterations per experiment after which it will be stopped. Iterations are based on the experiments' own reporting (for example, if experiments report every epoch, then iterations=epochs)
    • Limit Total Optimization Instance Time (Minutes) - Time limit for the whole optimization process (in minutes)
  • Export Configuration - Export the app instance configuration as a JSON file, which you can later import to create a new instance with the same configuration.

HPO app wizard

Dashboard#

Once an HPO instance is launched, the dashboard displays a summary of the optimization process.

HPO dashboard

The HPO dashboard shows:

  • Optimization Metric - Last reported and maximum / minimum values of objective metric over time
  • Optimization Objective - Objective metric values per experiment
  • Parallel coordinates - A visualization of parameter value impact on optimization objective
  • Summary - Experiment summary table: experiment execution information, objective metric and parameter values.
  • Budget - Available iterations and tasks budget (percentage, out of the values defined in the HPO instance's advanced configuration)
  • Resources - Number of workers servicing the HPO execution queue, and the number of currently running optimization tasks